Dahb Elgoaze was early in flowering and maturity. Sowing cowpea on December 30 and spacing of 60 cm x 40 cm x 3 plants would increase effectively cowpea yield in the city of Lubumbashi and its hinterland. Cowpea (Vigna unguiulata) is attacked by a wide spectrum of insect pests that ravages the crop in the field at different growing stages sometimes resulting in complete crop failure. Prepare your seedbed ready to plant. Millions of african farmers grow cowpea, some two hundred million africans consume The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. 36 Keywords: Cowpea varieties, Inter-row spacing, Intra-row spacing, Growth and Phenological characters 37 38 INTRODUCTION 39 40 Cowpea (VignaunguiculataL. Rhizobium makes atmospheric nitrogen available to the plant by a process called nitrogen fixation. /Width 526 Find healthy cowpea seeds. /Subject () Cowpea is an introduced species in the United States. /Filter /DCTDecode /Type /XObject The stem is slightly ridged and glabrous. << APSIM-Cowpea has received testing across the northern Australia , with factors such as cultivars, sowing date, irrigation, soil type, row spacing varying. Among the varieties, RIL 69 had the highest fodder yield (4.7 tons-1). Cowpea belongs to the family Leguminoseae. were consisted of three inter row spacing (40, 50 and 60c, and four seeding rates (2, 3.5, 5 and 6.5kg ha−1). Heirloom Seeds. The crop monocultures were established with the planting of six rows per plot for each crop, with a total area of 1.44 m2 and a harvest area of 0.80 m2, with a spacing … Local landraces are also available. {10} also reported that typical pure plant spacing of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) is (IPM CRSP, 2000). Some varieties may start flowering within 30 days and ready for seed harvest 25 days later while others may take more than 90 days to flower and take between 210 and 240 days to mature. Grain yields of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] Journal of Agriculture Policy ISSN 2520-7458 (Online) Vol.2, Issue 1 No.3, pp 58 - 69, 2017 www.carijournals.org 58 INTERACTION EFFECTS BETWEEN WATER HARVESTING TECHNIQUES AND SPACING ON GRAIN YIELD AND ABOVE GROUND BIOMASS OF COWPEA … Grown from pods or green seeds, snow peas, garden peas and snap peas are cold-hardy annuals that thrive in loose, rich soil. Methodology: In the first trial, the variety VYA was grown at three inter-row spacings (45, 75 and 90 cm). According to {9} cowpea varieties with different plant morphology would require different optimum densities to express their full seed yield potential. Eien Elgazal gave a highest harvest index. This finding is in accordance with that of Anonymous, (1981-a and 1981-b), Mahaldar et al. Under such conditions, the dead spots merge and large areas of the leaves are affected. Plant spacing v A wide variety of interrow spacings can be used, depending on the ultimate use of the crop. The gross plot size was 9m 2with 3m width and 3m length. This corresponds to plant population of 133333 plants ha−1, which may not be sufficient for optimal cowpea yield. Rural families that make up the larger part of the population of these regions derive from its production, food, animal feed, alongside cash income. Four spacing with cowpea as intercrop were used as treatments. This can be achieved by modifying inter- and intra-row spacing. The effects of plant density and row spacing on achieving suitable Please consult the PLANTS e.g., threatened or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values). /Length 76499 Sow seeds directly into the garden. ... For bush vegetable type, spacing of 30 cm between rows and 15 cm between plants is suitable. The treatments were sole maize crop, sole cowpea crop, intercrop 1 (spacing of 40 cm between of maize and cowpea) and intercrop 2 (spacing of 30 cm between maize and cowpea served as treatments. Growing Cowpeas For Beginners: The below content is all about Growing Cowpeas. KEYWORDS: Cowpea, Lubumbashi, planting density, planting dates, traditional cropping practices. Methods of Sowing for Cowpea: The cowpea seeds are sown by the dibbling method. Bush : 30cm x 15cm. Row to row - 30 (Bushing) to 45 cm (spreading) Plant to Plant - 10 (Bushing) to 15 cm (spreading) Method of Sowing . Useni Sikuzani Yannick, Mayele Kidiata, Kasangij A Kasangij Patrick, Nyembo Kimuni Luciens, and Baboy Longanza Louis ISSN : 2028-9324 Vol. To determine the effect of phosphorus fertilizer and spacing on growth, nodulation count and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in southern guinea savanna agroecological zone, Nigeria. In 2014, cowpea on rows spaced 75 and 90 cm apart produced more leaves and fodder yield than that spaced 45 cm apart. endobj A field experiment was conducted at Botswana College of Agriculture garden to investigate the effects intercropping maize and cowpeas on the performance of maize and cowpeas. Close spacing between and within rows significantly increased the biological and agricultural yields of cowpea without exerting clearly differential effects on the three test cultivars of different forms. In the tropics, cowpea is often intercropped with maize. /Producer (Acrobat Distiller 3.0 for Windows) Maize; Maize is one of the most cultivated crops globally. Weed Control in Cowpea Crop. It is native to tropical and subtropical regions. Key words: Cowpea, intra-row spacing, growth, yield. Cowpea is an annual herb and is commonly cultivated mainly for its protein-rich seeds. Sowing Cowpea Seeds: Plant outdoors after the last frost date, and when the soil has warmed. cowpea, weed growth could be drastically curtailed throughout the growth of the banana crop and obtain higher yield. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. (Langyntuo, A.S., et al., 2003). Cowpea, like all legumes, forms a symbiotic relationship with a specific soil bacterium (Rhizobium spp.). v Spacing between plants in the row: 10 cm and a planting depth of 4 cm (width of a matchbox). They are both good spacing for pepper. Aims: Two field trials were conducted to investigate the effect of inter-row spacing on the growth and yield of cowpea. They germinate best at a soil temperature of 65 degrees or higher. v Commercial row spacing: 2,25 m, 1,5 m and 0,9 m. v In vegetable gardens the spacing may be closer, depending on the size of the area planted. There are no papers describing validation of APSIM-Cowpea, however the accompanying figures demonstrate the performance of the module against Australian datasets. Thiourea application on cowpea. The different spacings induced similar effects for all parameters observed. Cameroon, cowpea, inter-row spacing, performance, Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement. On the other hand, the interaction effects of inter row spacing and seeding rate significantlyinfluenced 50%flowering, 50%maturity,number of leaves,number of branches, number of capsules per plant and grain yield. Walp.) Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. A determinate erect cultivar at equidistant spacing can attain growth rates of 16 to 25 g m-2 day-1. Choose the best location to grow the crop.

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